Early detection

There is more chance for successful treatment if there is early detection of cancer. The education to promote early diagnosis and screening plays a major role in early detection. Early diagnosis is all about recognizing the possible warning signs and taking prompt action. There can be a great impact on the disease if there is an increased awareness of possible warning signs physicians, nurses and other health care providers and the general public. Sores that fail to heal, lumps, abnormal bleeding, chronic hoarseness and persistent indigestion are some early signs of it. In cancers of the breast, mouth, cervix, colon, rectum and larynx, early diagnosis is particularly relevant.

Cancer Screening

Screening is the process of checking for cancer or for abnormal cells that may become cancerous in people who have no symptoms. The oncology doctors in Kolkata get help from screening to find and treat several types of cancer early before there are any symptoms. It may be easier to treat when abnormal tissue or cancer is found early and for this reason early detection is important. It may have begun to spread and is harder to treat by the time symptoms appear.

An oncologist can detect it early by several screening tests and it also reduces the chance of dying from it. Some of the screening tests are:

    1. Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy
      A cancer doctor can not only detect colorectal cancer early with the help of colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy but also can prevent the disease at an early stage. The reason behind this is that before abnormal colon growths (polyps) become cancerous, these tests help in finding them and the oncologist can remove them.
    2. Low-dose helical computed tomography
      Lung cancer deaths among heavy smokers from 55 to 74 years of age reduce when this test is used to screen lung cancer.
    3. Mammography
      There are fewer deaths from breast cancer deaths among women from 40 to 74 years of age when this method to screen for this disease is in use.
    4. Pap test and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing
      There can be early detection and prevention of cervical cancers if a cancer specialist in Kolkata takes the help of these tests, which can be used both alone and in combination. They help oncologists to find and treat abnormal cells before they become cancerous and in this way, they prevent the disease. For women between 21 and 65 years of age, who have had adequate prior screening, these tests are generally recommended.